This Act aims to create a secure, sustainable future for Wales. But how exactly will it do that, and what – if any - are your obligations?









What is it?

The Wellbeing of Future Generations (Wales) Act is legislation requiring public bodies - such as local authorities, health boards and organisations like the Arts and Sports Councils of Wales - to put long-term sustainability at the forefront of their thinking, and work with each other along with other relevant organisations (such as sector groups) and the public to prevent and tackle problems. It passed into law in April 2015.

It features seven wellbeing goals for Wales. These are (click to enlarge image):

7 goals E










The Welsh Government has also published a set of 46 National Indicators to help measure progress towards achieving these Goals. The Indicators have been chosen so that we can all see if, for Wales as a whole, things are getting better. You can read the National Indicators here.

The Act and these goals were decided on following an extensive consultation period known as the National Conversation.


Who does it affect?

These public bodies will have to comply with the Act:

Welsh Ministers Local Authorities Local Health Boards
Public Health Wales
NHS Trust 
Velindre NHS Trust National Park 
Fire and Rescue
Natural Resources
The Arts Council
of Wales 
Sports Council of
The National Library
of Wales 
The National Museum 
of Wales 

This will mean working towards five criteria that make up the Act's Sustainable Development Principle, which in turn will help meet the seven goals.

  • Long-term thinking - balancing short-term needs with safeguards to meet long-term needs.
  • Prevention - actions to prevent problems getting worse.
  • Integration - considering how your objectives may impact on those of others.
  • Collaboration - Working with other bodies (which may include third sector organisations) that can help you meet your goals.
  • Involvement - involving people and communities with an interest in helping you meet your objectives, and reflecting the diversity of the people in your area.

The public bodies will also need to be able to demonstrate transparency to show how they are working towards the goals. This will be through annual reporting, responding to the Future Generations Commissioner, and publishing a wellbeing statement.

 sophie howe




Sophie Howe is Wales' Future Generations Commissioner and took post in February 2016. 

How can the sector get further involved?

The Act will establish Public Service Boards (PSBs) for each local authority in Wales, consisting of representatives from local authorities, health boards, the Natural Resources Body for Wales and, where applicable, the Welsh Fire and Rescue Authority. Each PSB will set out a Local Wellbeing Plan, detailing how their area will achieve the Sustainable Development Principle, and must invite 'relevant voluntary organisations' (along with Welsh Ministers, the local Police and Crime Commissioner and the local Chief Constable) to participate on the board. We encourage those from the sector who are invited to take their places.


Do the Well-Being Goals apply to us?

Although only public bodies are bound by the Act, it is clear that its Well-Being Goals will not be achieved without the support of other sectors and individual actions too.

WCVA has developed a short workshop to help third sector groups and organisations explore how their work contributes to the Well-Being Goals and whether or not this is fully understood and recognised. You can download the workshop here


 WWWant logoWhere can I find out more?

You can get more information on the Future Generations (Wales) Act on the Wales We Want website, or take a look at the video introduction below.

And there's further reading at these links:

And if you've any other queries, contact our Helpdesk on 0800 2888 329 or email

The Act enables Ministers to review and amend the national indicators so that they stay up to date and relevant. At the start of each financial year Ministers must publish an annual progress report setting out the progress made over the last year.